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Changes in literary form after Russia’s October Revolution

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Sergei Tretyakov in 1928 claimed that ‘Today’s newspaper is for the Soviet activist what the didactic novel was for the Russian liberal intelligentsia and what the bible was for the medieval Christian: the guide to all life’s situations’. In his essay The New Leo Tolstoy he argues that ‘every epoch has its own written forms, which derive from its economic nature. Monumental forms were typical for feudalism, but in our time they represent only an imitative stylization, a sign of not knowing how to express oneself in contemporary language. We have no reason to wait for Tolstoys. We have our epic literature. Our epic literature is the newspaper…the entire anonymous newspaper mass, from the worker- correspondent to the writer of the lead article, is the collective Tolstoy of our time. Using the Marxist theory of Historical Materialism, how did the changes in the mode of production from 1917-28 effect literary form and thinking?

MDMP Redue

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Mission Analysis: Through mission analysis, the commander and staff should understand the problem and the resources available to solve that problem. Each staff member is responsible for conducting his or her own running (staff) estimate that provides very detailed information within his or her area of responsibility. The staff then analyzes that information and synthesizes (packages) it into the mission analysis brief. The essence of staff work involves distilling mountains of information into nuggets of knowledge. One method through which staff officers do this is to process the facts (or WHAT) into information (by asking SO WHAT?), analyze the information to increase knowledge (by asking WHICH MEANS?), and apply judgment to gain an understanding (by asking THEREFORE?)

REQUIREMENT #1: Running Estimate (10 Points. Three to four double-spaced pages)

You are the S-3 of the 6th Ranger Battalion conducting mission analysis on 27 January 1945 at the Ranger base camp at Calasiao on the Lingayen Gulf. Provide a complete movement estimate that LTC Mucci and his staff would use to develop plans and analyze various courses of action. Although you have the benefit of hindsight, write your running estimate as you would have on 27 Jan (in the present or future tense) rather than as an AAR in the past tense. Although there are some guides and formats to a generic estimate, as well as a sample medical estimate included with this examination, you can modify those formats or develop one to help you present your analysis to LTC Mucci. Your movement estimate should include, but is not limited to:

• Time available to conduct the operation before the Japanese decide to move or murder the POWs, and how much time to allocate to planning, preparation and execution.
• Maintaining secrecy in varied terrain during day and night operations.
• The appropriate balance of speed and security.
• The best time of day to initiate actions on the objective.
• The anticipated distances covered by, time required to, and rates of movement for:
o the Ranger advance to the POW Camp
o actions on the objective
o the movement of Rangers & former POWs and 6th Army to a link-up point
o Japanese counterattacks.
• How Filipino civilians and guerrillas, as well as the US Army Air Corps can help expedite friendly forces or impede enemy forces.

Essentially, your estimate should explain to LTC Mucci how the Rangers can get to the compound before the Japanese make the fatal decision, and how the task force and former POWs can link up with 6th Army before the Japanese catch that vulnerable group. The goal of the estimate is to help LTC Mucci plan for this mission by providing him specific information he probably doesn’t know, rather than general ideas which he probably does know. For example, stating that the POWs will move slowly is not helpful to LTC Mucci, while ESTIMATING that the POWs could move at one mile per hour for three hours before needing two hours for food and rest could be helpful to LTC Mucci and his staff.

REQUIREMENT #7: COA Analysis, Comparison & Recommendation (20 Points. Three to four double-spaced pages)

On 27 JAN, while the Rangers are still in their base camp planning and preparing for their mission, LTC Mucci approaches you and says: “I’m very concerned the locals may not be able to provide enough carts to move the POWs back to Guimba. Please wargame these three contingencies and give me your recommendation and rationale.”
• Continue to move toward Guimba, recognizing that movement will be slow.
• Stay in the camp and defend while the 6th Army sends a regimental combat team to link up with us.
• Move outside the camp to the first concealed location, and establish a defensive perimeter while the 6th Army sends a regimental combat team to link up with us.

A recommended approach is to (a) list the most relevant facts and assumptions, (b) establish & define the measurable evaluation criteria, (c) analyze each COA against each evaluation criterion, (d) compare the COAs, and (e) make and justify a recommendation.

NOTE: The MDMP is an adaptation of the Scientific Method. A Problem is an Observation, Mission Analysis- Research, Mission- Hypothesis, and Course of Action Analysis (Wargame)- Experiment. Like a scientist, the tactician can use a simple process to analyze and compare options

a. List facts and assumptions. Here, you do not need to repeat facts and assumptions from your Requirement #1 Running Estimate. Focus on facts and assumptions which you may not have included in your movement estimate when you assumed the locals could provide enough carts. Place all facts and assumptions before the analysis of your COAs, rather than listing (and repeating) facts for each COA.

b. Establish measurable evaluation criteria. If you were buying a car, you might consider cost, carrying capacity, and fuel economy. DO NOT USE SCREENING CRITERIA. LTC Mucci feels that each of HIS suggestions is feasible, suitable, distinguishable and acceptable to him. None is yet complete, but he is confident his staff will make them so. Likewise, broad undefined terms such as the Principles of War are normally not useful criteria for evaluating a unique problem. As in an experiment or car purchase, evaluation criteria must be variables, rather than constants. If experimenting with pendulums, pendulum length, weight, and arc are each variables, which the scientist measures when analyzing the period of motion. In this scenario, the speed of the POWs movement is a constant (and should be listed as a fact or assumption); while the time until link-up with 6th Army is different for each COA (in which one or both forces are moving different distances) and could serve as a useful evaluation criteria.

c. Analyze each COA against each evaluation criterion.
• Although there is a tendency to organize the course of action analysis by the evaluation criteria, Step 4 of the MDMP (FM 6-0 p 9-25 through 9-34) focuses on an analysis by course of action. In other words, you don’t have to write a paragraph for each evaluation criterion as you explain your COA analysis.
• For instance, we would NOT have a paragraph in which we analyze the “Time from initiation of the assault until completion of link-up with 6th Army” in which we use comparative terms (such as fastest and slowest), and then have another paragraph which analyzes the COA against another evaluation criterion.
• Instead, we should analyze each COA against the evaluation criteria (be sure to include ALL of the criteria), using our facts and assumptions. For example, if we assume that without carts the POWs could walk at 1 mph during daylight and .5 mph at night, and further assume that the Rangers will begin their assault at 2000 hrs., then through analysis we may estimate that the POWs and Rangers could get to Guimba in about 60 hours.
• For part c, your answer should be approximately a half-page narrative for each contingency presented in

Requirement #7.

d. Compare the COAs to each other using a decision matrix or other technique.
Clearly indicate if high or low scores are best, and explain any weighting you apply.

Business economic

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Read the TWO articles below and answer ALL the questions that follow.

Article 1: UK Energy market: Gas and electricity The UK market in gas and electricity is currently subject to a lot of public criticism. Ofgem (the UK government’s regulator) reported that that competition is being stifled by “a combination of tariff complexity, poor supplier behaviour, and lack of transparency”. The market is dominated by six large suppliers, and there are strong barriers to entry. Most wholesale gas is imported into the UK from Norway and Qatar, and is priced in US dollars. A large proportion of electricity is also generated using imported gas in gas-fired power stations. Thus, import prices are important in this market. According to Ofgem, “there is evidence that the Big Six have adjusted prices in response to rising costs [of wholesale gas] more quickly than they reduced them when costs fell”. Chief Executive Alistair Buchanan said: “Energy companies have failed to play it straight with consumers and so Ofgem is proposing to break the stranglehold the Big Six have over the electricity market by making them auction up to 20 per cent of their generation output. This would increase price transparency and make it easier for new players to enter the retail market. “Consumers have told us that energy suppliers’ prices are too complicated. It is no surprise that they are bamboozled when tariff complexity has increased from 180 to more than 300 [different prices] since 2008. That is why we are planning to sweep away this complexity so suppliers’ prices are fully exposed to allow easy price comparisons. “We are also backing these reforms with a tough approach to enforcement. Consumers must have confidence that energy companies are playing fair at a time when they are being asked to foot the £200 billion bill to pay for the investment Britain needs to ensure secure and sustainable energy supplies”. Energy prices have become a big political issue, especially since the UK voted to leave the European Union (EU) on 23 June 2016 which led to a significant fall in the exchange rate (pound against the US dollar).
Source: adapted from the Ofgem website (2013 & 2017)

Article 2: An energy price cap – a sensible response to a market imperfection
Following concerns about the market power of the Big Six energy suppliers in the UK and high prices for gas and electricity, the industry regulator, Ofgem, referred the industry to the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) in June 2014. The CMA published its final report in June 2016. This argued that while there was sufficient potential for competition, consumers nevertheless needed further encouragement to switch suppliers. This would strengthen competition in the market.
To encourage switching, the CMA proposed the creation of a database that would include the details of customers who have been on a supplier’s core price or standard variable tariff (SVT) for three or more years. The SVT is the main price that a company sells energy at and could be used to show how a frim determines its

price for most of its customers as 66% of customers are on this tariff (price plan). Companies price discriminate and do offer different prices to the other 34% of customers, such as higher prices to customers on pre-payment meters or lower prices to attract price sensitive customers from rival companies with deals for ‘new customers only’. Competitor energy suppliers would have access to this database to offer better deals for these customers.
There had already been calls for price caps to be imposed on suppliers. For example, in the run-up to the 2015 general election, the then Labour leader, Ed Miliband, proposed imposing a price freeze. This was criticised by the Conservatives for being too anti-market, that it would encourage energy companies to raise prices prior to the freeze and that it would be of no benefit in times of falling wholesale energy prices (which was the position in 2015).
Indeed, in its 2016 report, the CMA recommended price caps only for the 16% of people on prepayment meters. But in the run-up to the 2017 election, the Conservatives announced that if they win the June 2017 election they would, introduce a price cap on SVTs – 66% of customers are on such tariffs. It would be set by Ofgem and reviewed every six months to reflect changes in the wholesale cost of energy.
Source: Adapted from J. Sloman, The Sloman Economics News Site, 2017
Questions: Answer ALL 5 questions below.

(The mark awarded indicates how much work you must do for a specific question. Diagrams can be drawn by hand or using software, but they must not be scanned from books etc.)
1. (a) What are the four main types of market structure? (b) Outline the main features of each one. (c) Find the market share of the big six energy companies. (d) How would you classify the market structure for the energy industry? (20% of marks) 2. Draw a diagram (that is, use relevant economic theory) to show the determination of the profit-maximising price and output of one gas company. Explain the diagram, including how abnormal profits may be made by the company. (Note: the standard variable tariff is the price) (20% of marks)

3. Why are people often reluctant to switch energy supplier and how could they be encouraged to switch supplier? (10% of marks)

4. The current Conservative Government announced that if they win the June 2017 election they will introduce a price cap on energy. Using a supply and demand diagram, show the impact of a price cap in the energy market and identify the potential advantages and disadvantages. (20% of marks)
5. (a) On a chart, show what has happened to the UK pound (sterling) against the US dollar between 1st June 2016 and 1st May 2017.

(b) Using a supply and demand diagram explain this change in the pound’s exchange rate, ensuring possible reasons are analysed.

(c) How might this change in the pound’s exchange rate affect the price of energy in the UK, and using relevant economic theory (diagrams) explain the impact of this change in energy prices on the whole UK economy. (30% of marks)

Understanding supply chain performance management issues

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LO5. Contrast and critically discuss different ways of assessing organizational and Supply Chain
Critically assess the strategic impact of Supply Chain Management, and organization
competitiveness in different industrial contexts.

Apply knowledge and critical evaluation of organizational strategic direction to the development of
Supply Chain and operations resources and capabilities.

This assignment requires you to write a 2300 word original essay answering the following question:
A number of challenges are faced by performance management specialists. These include, for example, the frequency with which new technologies are emerging, the changing social and environmental landscape around which businesses operate, increasingly complex supply chains and supplier relationships, and changing consumer behavior and preferences. These influence the way in which performance is perceived and the way in which it is managed.
The purpose of this assignment is for you to engage more comprehensively with the topic of supply chain performance. Students are required to critically analyse ONE journal article which covers this topic.
Instructions to students
Select a journal article (NOT PREVIOUSLY CHOSEN) covering any aspect of the topic of supply chain performance. Provide a critical review of the topic making sure to draw on your own views concerning the topic as presented by the authors of the article, as well as insights from other published journal articles and/or more general sources such as textbooks. The article can be found in any operations management, supply chain management, and operations research journals. You need to support your arguments by referring to other journal articles where necessary. The minimum of 10 academic references are required

Possible Journal: You may consider the followings journals, but are not limited to them.

1. Journal of purchasing and supply management
2. International journal of physical distribution & logistics management
3. Supply chain management
4. International journal of transport management
5. European journal of purchasing & supply management
6. Journal of Business Logistics
7. International Journal of Operations and Production Management
8. Harvard Business Review
Consider the following questions as a guide when reading the chosen article and preparing your response:
1. What are the objectives of the paper, what are the motivations behind the study and how do the authors argue that their work is important?
2. What are the research questions authors try to answer?
3. How do authors answer research questions? What research method(s) do they use to answer
research questions? What are the assumptions considered in the paper?
4. What are the strengths and weakness parts of the research work?
5. What are the main findings, and how widely applicable are they according to (a) the authors
and (b) you?
IMPORTANT: the goal of your essay is not to answer the above questions directly but rather to provide a critical review of the selected article. These questions only provide a guide on how to interrogate and appraise the given article. Make sure to draw on your own views concerning the topic as presented by the authors of the article.
Further guidance on your critical review
In your critical review of the article you may choose to provide one of the following:
a) A critical challenge to one or more aspects of the focal article, arguing for a position other than that taken in the focal article;
b) An elaboration or extension of the position taken in the focal article, basically sympathetic to the position taken in the focal article, but pushing the argument further;
c) An application of a theoretical perspective that sheds light on the issues addressed in the focal article

IT Systems

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Through this part of the course project you will become familiar with common IT software, hardware, and infrastructural terms and options.

Your health care facility has a budget of $50,000 for upgrading or purchasing new technology. You have been put in charge of evaluating the existing technologies and proposing recommendations for upgrading or buying new technologies.

Based on the problem(s) you identified in Week 1 and the $50,000 budget, make and justify your IT software, hardware, and infrastructural solution recommendations. Provide the technical details for the existing systems that will be impacted and the specifications of any upgrades you propose.A detailed description of the current IT hardware, software, and infrastructure related to your chosen problem(s)

A detailed description of how your health care facility’s goal of providing the best health care is impacted by your chosen problem(s)

A rationale for why the existing system is currently being used in your health care facility as it is
Your rationale for why your solution should be implemented and how your solution could address the problem(s) and further your facility’s goal of providing the best health care. An explanation of how your solution will integrate with or replace current IT applications. A detailed description of the technical details (hardware, software, and infrastructure) of your solution.

Note: Suppose that the solution to the clinical problem is a medication reconciliation software application. In that case, you need to describe the hardware and software components required to upgrade the system. Support your responses with examples.

Issues in Global Business & Strategic Concepts – Coursework 2

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Demonstrate knowledge and a critical approach to the key contemporary theories and concepts recognised in the field of strategic management and globalisation. 2. Apply and critically discuss the appropriateness of relevant theories to complex business situations. 3. Apply consultancy principles and relevant theory to create, develop, plan and implement the Business Case Study Proposal recognising the importance of opportunity realisation and integrating implementation.


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“Time for Reflection” Please respond to the following:

• Some say globalization allows regions of the planet to consume far more than they could normally consume. In Week 1, you used the Global Closet Calculator to aggregate the contents of your closet. Considering the results, and all that you have learned from the readings, determine whether or not you would be trading internationally if you could get everything at home. Provide a rationale for your response.

• The globalization debate raises several key issues about future work force trends and public administration responses. Looking forward to the year 2025, predict the impact of globalization on the real wages and incomes of workers as a whole. Next, speculate on the extent to which globalization will limit the ability of governments to take significant policy actions on the behalf of the disadvantaged work force.


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Thread Prompt: In the Middle East, Israel has responded to terrorism with several controversial counter-terrorist polices to include a wall and selective assassinations. The U.S. policy on the use of drones selectively targeting individuals such as Anwar al-Awlaki could also be considered selective assassination. Do the controversial tactics utilized by Israel work? Why or why not?

Approach to Business Research

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The requirement is 3000 words.My chosen topic is how consumer lifestyle affect online grocery shopping

Analyze and explain the associated health problems of the obesity epidemic and eating disorders

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Analyze and explain the associated health problems of the obesity epidemic and eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating.
Write a response of at least 350 words that explains the associated health problems of the obesity epidemic and eating disorders. Address the following:
• Describe the risks associated with excess body fat.
• Discuss at least five factors that influence the obesity epidemic.
• Assess the various techniques for measuring body fat.
• Explain the various strategies for weight loss.
• What are some health problems associated with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder? Explain how each of the eating disorders mentioned may lead to health problems. What are the treatment options for these disorders?


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